Operation and Installation Instructions
A filter housing is a pressure vessel, it must never be used above its stated maximum allowable working pressure and must be used within its stated temperature range. Ensure that these items are used in well-designed piping systems with suitable indicators to warn users and servicing personnel of the presence of pressure and high temperatures, wherever possible use pressure limiting or safety devices. Remember that the pressure rating is reduced at high temperatures. Consult Twister Instrumentation for guidance.
It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the materials of construction of the filter housing, gasket and filter media are suitable for the intended application. During every servicing, a visual inspection must be made of the surfaces of the housing for signs of corrosion, erosion or general wear. The housing must be removed from service if any of these signs are evident as there are no corrosion allowances used in the design of these filters. It is not recommended that these filters be used on unstable fluids.
Installing the Filter Housing
As the filter housing is a pressure vessel the system connections and accessory outlets must be leak tight. It is normally good practice to use a pipe sealant on the fittings prior to connecting to the filter housing ports. This will allow disassembly at a later time, if required. Any sealant such as PTFE tape, paste or other compound may be used if compatible with the filtered media. The torque value of the fittings will depend upon the quality of the fittings and the type of sealant used but should typically be between 40Nm and 75Nm. Ensure the fittings get inspected during servicing and re-tightened if necessary. It is not recommended that heads and bowls from different filter assemblies are swapped.
To remove solid particulates
If the filter housing is being used to remove solid particulates from a gas or liquid, the flow direction through the filter element should be from outside-to-inside direction. Most housings have an arrow showing the correct direction. If the ports on the housing are numbered, port 1 is the inlet, and port 2 the outlet.
When Installing filter housing and elements care should be taken to ensure the head and bowls are kept as a pair. It is not recommended that heads and bowls from different filter assemblies be swapped. Wherever possible, installation of filter housings should be made using an appropriate mounting bracket to avoid excessive loads on the piping.
Coalescing Gas Service
If the application is coalescing ( remove liquids from gases) Install the housing so the flow is in the opposite direction. Inside- to-outside through the filter element. In this case port 2 is the inlet, and port 1 is the outlet. Suspended liquids in the air or gas will be coalesced and the drain from the outside of the filter element into the bowl of the housing. The liquid may be removed with manual or automatic drains.
Installing the Filter Element
Ensure there is no pressure in the housing. Remove the bowl, element retainer and filter element. Disposable and sintered PTFE filter elements are sealed by compression against a flat surface. Gaskets are not required between the filter element and components of the housing. The stainless steel elements use a gasket at each end. The element is located by guides which fit the inside diameter of the tube at each end. In most housings the element is sealed by tightening a threaded element retainer. The filter is securing sealed by tightening the element retainer a ¼ to 1 turn after it contracts the filter element, the amount will depend on the housing type and element size. A mark on the end of the retainer is used a guide. Before replacing the housing bowl ensure that the mating threads and sealing surfaces are clean and damage free. It is recommended that the threads and sealing faces are lubricated with a small amount of silicone grease before assembly. Stainless steel housings fitting with a solid PTFE gasket the bowl should be tightened to a torque of between 30Nm and 40Nm.
Grade 70C is a pneumatic grade coalescing filter. For instrument filtration, use a Grade 70C (prefilter), Followed by a grade 50C final filter with inside to outside flow on both housings.
When to Change the Filter Element
Coalescing filters are designed to have an initial dry pressure drop of less than 2 PSI. Thereafter, the pressure drop will increase very slowly as solid particles are captured and retained in the capture layer of the element. Particles are captured throughout the depth of the element and therefore cannot be back flushed or cleaned in a solution. Twister recommends changing the filter element when the pressure drop reaches 10 PSI. An optional differential indicator will give a visual warning of the need to change the filter element. Make sure to shut off the line pressure before changing elements. Note that before resuming line pressure be sure that all port connections, the drain plug, and housing bowl are securely installed.
All connections must be LEAKTIGHT to insure effective filtration as well as SAFTEY. The user, through his own analysis and testing, is solely responsible for the product selection and ensuring all responsibility, safety and warning requirements of the application are met.
***Note that other grades of filter elements may be used with our housings.
DPI (Differential Pressure Indicator)
We offer two types of DPI Kits:
The dome type with a yellow stem is set to rise from a 2 to 16 PSIG differential.
The Visual Differential Indicator is designated as “VDI” and is designed as a colored guage with set points
From 0 to 6.2 PSIG in the green range, 6.3 to 9.6 in yellow range, and end point of 14 PSIG in the red range.
It’s Recommended that the Fast Loop Filter be mounted in a vertical position with the removable end cap on top for ease of service. This will prevent liquids from spilling out while the filter element is being changed. Since the Fast Loop Filter is considered a pressure vessel all connections must be leak tight. When servicing the Fast Loop Filter ensure that there is no pressure in the line. Remove the cap by turning it counter clockwise until the threads bottom out. Note: There is no torque value associated with this housing.